If you are considering buying an electric vehicle—or even if you already have one—you may be considering adding some type of home charging equipment. However, the choices are not necessarily straightforward—especially if you aren’t an electrician or electrical engineer. Let’s take a look at what you need to know to make a smart choice. First, we’ll go over some basic terminology. Second, we’ll talk about your equipment choices, breaking that down into choices for Tesla owners and choices for owners of other EVs.
EV Equipment Terminology
Understanding a few key terms can make shopping for EV charging equipment less mysterious and enable you to have a more effective conversation with an electrician:
EV Chargers and EV Service Equipment. Industry insiders will tell you that all electric vehicles include an on-board charger. Vehicle manufacturers don’t let just anyone control the flow of energy into their batteries.
So what are these other boxes people want you to buy for your garage? Technically, they are called Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment, or EVSE. We won’t begrudge you for calling it a charger, though. What it does is make sure no power flows unless the charging plug is physically inserted into a vehicle, that the home does not deliver more energy than the vehicle can safely accept, and that the vehicle does not draw more than the home can safely provide.
120 Volt and 240 Volt circuits. Volts measure how hard electricity is pushing through a circuit. Almost all U.S. homes have 240V service, but most circuits use only half of this and thus operate at 120V. A few specialty circuits, such as those for air conditioning, electric dryers and ovens, and EV chargers, operate at 240V.
Level 1 and Level 2. Level 1 EV service equipment operates at 120V. Level 2 equipment operates at 240V. As you might imagine, Level 2 equipment will charge your vehicle more quickly.
Amps. Amps measure electrical current—how much electricity is flowing. A 20A circuit can have up to 20A flowing through it, but typically has less at any given moment. The maximum amount of power a circuit can deliver is its voltage multiplied by its amperage.
All Level 2 equipment operates at 240V, but different models and configurations have different levels of maximum current. For example, one 240V charger may operate at a maximum of 32A and another at 48A. A 48A system will charge your vehicle more quickly than a 32A system if your vehicle is also designed to use that much current. An 48A system connected to a vehicle than can only draw 32A will not charge a battery more quickly.
SAE J1772 Connector. This is a standardized connector type used by all passenger EVs in the United States except Teslas. Any charger you buy from anyone but Tesla will have a J1772 connector for the vehicle. Teslas use a proprietary connector, but you can buy a small adapter from Tesla that will allow you to use a J1772 connector.
NEMA 5-15, 14-50, and 6-50 Receptacles. These are the official names of different types of outlets used in households. NEMA 5-15 is the name of the nearly universal 3-prong, 120V outlet. NEMA 14-50 is the most common 240V outlet used with car chargers that aren’t hardwired, although some use a 6-50 outlet.
NEMA 5-15 Receptacle
NEMA 6-50 Receptacle
NEMA 14-50 Receptacle
If You Have a Tesla
We recommend Tesla’s “Wall Connector” for most Tesla owners. This hardwired level 2 charger can deliver up to 48A and is the fastest charging option in almost all cases. The Wall Connector also has a feature that allows it to communicate with up to three other Wall Connectors to share a single circuit.
If you prefer a solution that includes a 240V outlet, choose Tesla’s “Mobile Connector”. This solution won’t charge most Teslas quite as quickly, but it is easy to bring along with you on the road.
If you have a Tesla and another brand of EV, follow the advice below, as you can purchase an inexpensive adapter from Tesla that lets you use non-Tesla chargers.
If You Have Any Other EV
Your vehicle almost certainly came with a 120V, Level 1 charger. This option might be totally acceptable if your vehicle uses both batteries and gasoline. Such vehicles often have relatively small batteries, so it doesn’t take that much energy to recharge them. Besides, these cars can run on the gasoline engine alone if the battery isn’t charged.
If you have a fully battery-powered vehicle, however, however, you’ll want a 240V circuit and a Level 2 charger. We furnish 40 and 48A chargers from Wallbox. We install the Pulsar Plus 40A when customers want a 240V outlet and the Pulsar Plus 48A when they desire the fastest charging speeds. Either model can be configured to share a single circuit with another Wallbox charger.
Get An EV Charger Quote
Ready to get your free EV charger quote? To get started, fill out our EV Charger Quote form.
If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to call us at (312) 638-0800.